SN V 55.40 To Nandiya – Uplifted into Mindfulness

SN V 55.40 To Nandiya – Uplifted into Mindfulness

 

Nandiyasakka Sutta #

 

Once the Teacher lived with the Sakyans

at Kapilavatthu in the banyan hermitage.

 

Then Nandiya the Sakyan

Went to the Awakened One

Paid loving respects

sat down beside him

and asked:

 

“Bhante, those wise practitioners

who are thoroughly

and completely devoid

of all four qualities of stream-entry

are not those wise practitioners living in negligence?”

 

“Nandiya, those who are

thoroughly

and completely devoid

of all four qualities of stream-entry

these I call people who stand outside [this teaching],

in the midst of those who do not practice.” [1]

 

But in regards to how a wise practitioner

lives unmindful

or mindfully,

 

Listen and apply your mind carefully,

I will explain it to you.”

 

“Yes Bhante” replied Nandiya

The Awakened One said this:

 

[1. Living Unmindful]

 

How does a wise practitioner live unmindful?

 

[A. Buddha]

 

A wise practitioner is filled with

unflagging confident understanding [2]

about the Buddha as such;

 

‘The Teacher is an Arahant

Perfectly all awakened,

Endowed with perfect understanding

and perfect conduct,

Bliss-abiding,

he who has understood the world

Teacher of Devas and Humans,

Awakened and fully realized’

 

That practitioner rests content

with this unflagging confident understanding

and does not make any further effort

to meditate by day

nor for mental solitude at night.[3]

 

Living mindlessly in this way,

there is no gladness.

When there is no gladness,

there is no joy.

When there is no joy,

there is no tranquility.

When there is no tranquility,

one lives in displeasure.

for one who lives in displeasure,

the mind does not become collected and harmonious.

With such a scattered mind,

the nature of mental states does not grow clear.

When the nature of mental states is unclear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells unmindful. [4]

 

[B. Dhamma]

 

A wise practitioner is filled

with unflagging confident understanding

about the Teaching as such;

 

‘Well explained is the Blessed One’s Teaching,

Directly visible, Immediate,

Inviting, Leading upwards,

To be experienced by the wise for oneself.

 

That practitioner rests content

with this unflagging understanding

and does not make any further effort

to meditate by day

nor for mental solitude at night.

 

Living mindlessly in this way,

there is no gladness.

When there is no gladness,

there is no joy.

When there is no joy,

there is no tranquility.

When there is no tranquility,

one lives in displeasure.

for one who lives in displeasure,

the mind does not become collected and harmonious.

With such a scattered mind,

the nature of mental states does not grow clear.

When the nature of mental states is unclear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells unmindfully.

 

[C. Community]

 

A wise practitioner is filled

with unflagging confident understanding

about the community as such;

 

‘Good is the practice of the Awakened One’s community,

Straight is the practice of the Awakened One’s community,

Wise is the practice of the Awakened One’s community,

Meaningful is the practice of the Awakened One’s community.

That is, the four pairs of people,

The eight kinds of persons.

 

The saṅgha of the Awakened One is

Worthy support, worthy of hospitality,

Worthy of generosity, worthy of respect,

An unsurpassed field of goodness for the universe.’

 

That practitioner rests content

with this unflagging confident understanding

and does not make any further effort

to meditate by day

nor for mental solitude at night.

 

Living mindlessly in this way,

there is no gladness.

When there is no gladness,

there is no joy.

When there is no joy,

there is no tranquility.

When there is no tranquility,

one lives in displeasure.

For one who lives in displeasure,

the mind does not become collected and harmonious.

With such a scattered mind,

the nature of mental states does not grow clear.

When the nature of mental states is unclear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells unmindfully.

 

[D. Virtue of the Realized Ones]

 

A wise practitioner is filled

with unflagging confident understanding

about the virtue of the realized ones[5] which is;

 

‘Unbroken, unflawed

Spotless, unsullied

Liberating, taught by the wise

Appeasing and turns into mental collectedness.’ [6]

 

 

That practitioner rests content

with this unflagging confident understanding

and does not make any further effort

to meditate by day

nor for mental solitude at night.

 

Living mindlessly in this way,

there is no gladness.

When there is no gladness,

there is no joy.

When there is no joy,

there is no tranquility.

When there is no tranquility,

one lives in displeasure.

For one who lives in displeasure,

the mind does not become collected and harmonious.

With such a scattered mind,

the nature of mental states does not grow clear.

When the nature of mental states is unclear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells unmindfully.

 

 

[2. Living Mindfully]

 

How does a wise practitioner live mindfully?

 

[A. Buddha]

 

Nandiya, a wise practitioner is filled

with unflagging confident understanding

about the Buddha as such;

 

‘The Teacher is an Arahant

Perfectly all awakened,

Endowed with knowledge

and also good conduct,

Bliss-abiding,

he who has understood the world

Teacher of Devas and Humans,

Awakened and fully realized’

Living mindfully in this way,

there is gladness.

When there is gladness,

there is joy.

When there is joy,

there is tranquility.

When there is tranquility,

one lives in happiness.

For one who lives in happiness,

the mind becomes collected and harmonious.

With such a collected and composed mind,

the nature of mental states grows clear.

When the nature of mental states is clear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells mindfully. [7]

 

[B. Dhamma]

 

A wise practitioner is filled

with unflagging confident understanding

about the Teaching as such;

 

‘Well explained is the Blessed One’s Teaching,

Directly visible, Immediate,

Inviting, Leading upwards,

To be experienced by the wise for oneself.

 

That practitioner does not become complacent

with this unflagging understanding

and diligently meditates by day

[and is devoted to] mental solitude at night.

 

Living mindfully in this way,

there is gladness.

When there is gladness,

there is joy.

When there is joy,

there is tranquility.

When there is tranquility,

one lives in happiness.

For one who lives in happiness,

the mind becomes collected and harmonious.

With such a collected and composed mind,

the nature of mental states grows clear.

When the nature of mental states is clear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells mindfully.

 

[C. Community]

 

A wise practitioner is filled

with unflagging confident understanding

about the community;

 

‘Good is the practice of the Awakened One’s disciples,

Straight is the practice of the Awakened One’s saṅgha,

Wise is the practice of the Awakened One’s saṅgha,

Meaningful is the practice of the Awakened One’s saṅgha.

That is, the four pairs of people,

The eight kinds of persons.

 

The saṅgha of the Awakened One is

Worthy support, worthy of hospitality,

Worthy of generosity, worthy of respect,

An unsurpassed field of goodness for the universe.’

 

 

That practitioner does not become complacent

with this unflagging understanding

and diligently meditates by day

[and is devoted to] mental solitude at night.

 

Living mindfully in this way,

there is gladness.

When there is gladness,

there is joy.

When there is joy,

there is tranquility.

When there is tranquility,

one lives in happiness.

For one who lives in happiness,

the mind becomes collected and harmonious.

With such a collected and composed mind,

the nature of mental states grows clear.

When the nature of mental states is clear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells mindfully.

 

[D. Virtue of the Realized Ones]

 

A wise practitioner is filled

with unflagging confident understanding

about the virtue of the realized ones which is;

 

‘Unbroken, unflawed

Spotless, unsullied

Liberating, taught by the wise

Appeasing and turns into mental collectedness.’

 

That practitioner does not become complacent

with this unflagging understanding

and diligently meditates by day

[and is devoted to] mental solitude at night.

 

Living mindfully in this way,

there is gladness.

When there is gladness,

there is joy.

When there is joy,

there is tranquility.

When there is tranquility,

one lives in happiness.

For one who lives in happiness,

the mind becomes collected and harmonious.

With such a collected and composed mind,

the nature of mental states grows clear.

When the nature of mental states is clear,

one can be regarded as a person who dwells mindfully.

 

 

This is how a wise practitioner live mindfully Nandiya.

 

 

 

[1] “’Yassa kho, nandiya, cattāri sotāpattiyaṅgāni sabbena sabbaṁ sabbathā sabbaṁ natthi tamahaṁ bāhiro puthujjanapakkhe ṭhito’ti vadāmi.

[2] Through direct personal experience of practicing the teaching. Idha, nandiya, ariyasāvako buddhe aveccappasādena samannāgato hoti—

[3] So tena buddhe aveccappasādena santuṭṭho na uttari vāyamati  ham pavivekāya, rattiṁ paṭisallānāya.

[4] Tassa evaṁ pamattassa viharato pāmojjaṁ na hoti. Pāmojje asati, pīti na hoti. Pītiyā asati, passaddhi na hoti. Passaddhiyā asati, dukkhaṁ viharati. Dukkhino cittaṁ na samādhiyati. Asamāhite   ham  hamma na pātubhavanti. Dhammānaṁ apātubhāvā pamādavihārītveva saṅkhyaṁ gacchati.

[5] ariyakantehi sīlehi samannāgato

[6] samādhisaṁvattanikehi

[7] Again, in this remarkable teaching (perhaps one of the best), the Buddha makes it clear, once more, that mindfulness is a product of happiness. Samādhi or mental collectedness comes about through the active practice of the seven supports of awakening, from gladness to collectedness, maturing into heightened discernment. That is smiling, not taking life so seriously, not taking “me” so seriously, what “I” want, how “I am right and you are wrong,” how “I am angry right now.” When one smiles, one has to let go of selfishness, anger, worry and anxiety, there is no other choice. Smiling and laughing at ourselves when we get caught by our own seriousness. Seriousness is directly associated with mindlessness, control, using force and all unwholesome states. Who is serious? One can ask oneself. When the mind is happy, continuously, though letting go, detaching from the million things that can bring us down in this world, relaxing, actively calming the tension that arise through “self-seriousness” and simply come back to Love or compassion or joy or any of the four resting places of awareness. Feel the relief. The relief is instantaneous (Akāliko) and directly visible (Sandiṭṭhiko). One knows then, this teaching is well-proclaimed (Svakkhato). Nourishing this newly untensed mind and strengthening its release with a smile. A smile that cuts through the density of the world. One is bound for lofty mental achievements.

 

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